Saturday, February 29, 2020
The Grad Student Strike at Santa Cruz - Part 15 (Firings & PERB filings)
UC Santa Cruz fired 54 graduate student workers who were on strike demanding higher pay to afford the area’s high cost of living.
Suhauna Hussain, 2-28-20
As part of a “wildcat strike,” about 200 teaching assistants decided in December to withhold fall quarter grades after months of back and forth with campus administrators. They demanded an increase in pay of $1,412 a month. The strike is not backed by the union that represents the university’s graduate student employees.
Tension between student workers, the campus and University of California administrators heightened dramatically in recent weeks as talks floundered. Students escalated the grade strike in early February to a full work stoppage, refusing to teach, hold office hours, conduct research or post grades. Seventeen students were arrested at a campus protest Feb. 12, and UC Santa Cruz and the UC president published a series of letters online over the last month warning student workers they would be disciplined if they failed to submit grades.
On Monday, UC Santa Cruz told teaching assistants it would check for the withheld grades later in the week. The campus sent letters of intent to dismiss Friday around noon to 54 students. An estimated 30 other students who had yet to secure spring teaching jobs were told they would not be eligible for the positions, student activists said.
Housing is expensive in Santa Cruz, and student workers have a difficult time living on the typical stipend of $2,400 a month before taxes, said Veronica Hamilton, vice president of UC Santa Cruz’s graduate student association and chair of the campus’ unit of UAW Local 2865, the union for more than 19,000 student workers at the UC system.
The cost-of-living-adjustment movement has spread to other UC campuses.
UC Santa Barbara graduate students voted Monday for a full strike, and UC Davis students decided Thursday to withhold student grades for the winter quarter until the university raises their housing supplement. Students across the 10 UC campuses have held rallies in support of student workers at UC Santa Cruz.
Among those fired Friday was Brenda Arjona, a third-year doctoral student in anthropology who has a 10-year-old son and lives in student family housing. She’s still trying to figure out what being fired will mean for her status as a student.
As a teaching assistant, she doesn’t pay tuition, and Arjona said there’s no way she can pay thousands of dollars of tuition out of pocket, so she may have to withdraw or take a leave of absence from the school.
“I’m struggling for basic needs such as toilet paper, buying my son milk,” said Arjona, who pays about $1,700 a month in rent out of the $2,200 she receives after taxes. “If there’s an emergency, I have truly nothing to fall back on.”
She had known losing her job was a possibility but wanted to keep pushing on with the strike. “I should not have to live this way,” Arjona said.
Hernandez-Jason said UC Santa Cruz’s administration has worked to hear and address teaching assistants’ concerns.
“UCSC leadership is well aware of the housing crisis in Santa Cruz and has made numerous good faith efforts to offer solutions and assist our TAs,” Hernandez-Jason said in an email.
These efforts including an annual $2,500 housing supplement until more campus housing becomes available for graduate students and two temporary housing assistance programs for graduate students. The campus’ chancellor also announced a joint working group to develop “appropriate and sustainable” graduate student support, Hernandez-Jason said.
Hamilton said the $2,500 supplement offered by the university after negotiations this year provides students with only an extra $200 a month, which does not do enough to fix the problem. She said students shouldn’t have to relinquish their only leverage for the university to come to the table.
“They shouldn’t fire anybody,” said Hamilton, who is a graduate student teaching assistant but was not among those fired. “People are telling them they’re homeless, and they won’t have a substantive conversation.”
UC’s four-year contract with the UAW, which has been in effect since August 2018 and expires in 2022, includes “fair pay and excellent benefits,” UC spokesman Andrew Gordon said in a statement.
“Reopening the contract would defeat the purpose of a signed agreement and would be unfair to all the other UC unions as well as nearly 90,000 represented employees at the University who do adhere to collective bargaining agreements,” he said.
Hamilton said that the contract’s terms were inadequate and that 83% of student employees at UC Santa Cruz voted against it at the time.
On Feb. 14, the campus’ provost sent an message saying that the student workers participating in the grading strike had until Feb. 21 to submit missing grades and that those who did not would not receive spring quarter jobs as teaching assistants, or would be dismissed from their spring quarter appointments.
On the same day, UC President Janet Napolitano sent a letter addressed to faculty, staff and students saying teaching assistants would be fired if they continued to withhold grades.
“Holding undergraduate grades hostage and refusing to carry out contracted teaching responsibilities is the wrong way to go. Therefore, participation in the wildcat strike will have consequences, up to and including the termination of existing employment at the University,” Napolitano wrote. “We urge the striking TAs to turn in their grades and return to the classroom.”
The UC system filed an unfair-labor-practice charge against UAW 2865 on Tuesday alleging the union failed to take the steps required by the collective bargaining agreement to stop the strike by teaching assistants at UC Santa Cruz.
In response, UAW 2865 filed its own unfair-labor-practice charge Thursday against the UC system alleging that it refused to meet with the union to negotiate a cost of living adjustment that has been the focus of actions across the state and the two-week wildcat strike at UC Santa Cruz.
“I’m staying optimistic that we can continue to galvanize people on other campuses and spread this movement,” Arjona said.
UC Santa Cruz spokesman Scott Hernandez-Jason said in a statement that 96% of grades were submitted and the “vast majority” of graduate students have returned to work, but 54 students continued to “disrupt campus by withholding grades for undergraduate students in a way that unfairly impairs their education.”
The unfair labor practice charge filed by UC - even if it runs through the PERB (Public Employment Relations Board) process and PERB sees it the university's way - is not likely to resolve anything. It takes time for the process to run its course: charge, investigation, maybe a complaint, maybe a decision endorsing the university's position, some kind of order for the union to take overt steps to stop the strike. (What would that be? A letter from the union saying go back to work?) The union could have complained that the university offered a benefit enhancement unilaterally without bargaining during the strike. But if it succeeded at PERB on that argument, the benefit would be withdrawn, not necessarily something the union or its members would like to see happen.
Instead, the union has charged that UC sought to negotiate with entities other than the union. But it's not clear that any such discussions have taken place so far. And the PERB remedy would essentially be to tell UC not to do have such discussions and maybe post a notice saying it wouldn't do it anymore. As for the fired strikers, there might be a slim argument that their strike was against UC negotiating with entities other than the union. If PERB bought that argument, the dispute would be converted to an "unfair labor practice strike" and the university might be ordered to reinstate the strikers. However, the strikers called their dispute a COLA strike and in news interviews always referred to the cause as the high cost of living and the need for added pay, i.e., an "economic strike," not an unfair labor practice strike. And the strikers were clearly not performing their duties. So reinstatement by PERB would be a long shot. The fired strikers might use whatever grievance mechanism the union has negotiated with UC to try and regain their jobs. But since they were not doing their required duties, success through that avenue seems unlikely.
Once you get past all these legalities and procedures, however, there remains the problem of students at UC-Santa Cruz who haven't gotten their grades. Depending on the arrangements for the various courses, it may not be easy for faculty to do the grading. Who has the records for the courses? Who has the term papers and/or exams? Particularly in larger enrollment courses, the faculty may not have the material in their possession normally used for grading.
Note: The termination letter sent to the strikers is at:
It might be noted that there is a reference to a procedure for protesting the termination contained in the letter that could potentially extend the period before the termination takes place. See the last page of the termination letter.